Institute creation. History
History of the Institute creation is inseparably connected with W-Rays discovery.
X-Ray discovery is connected with a nameof Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen. He’d first published the article about x-rays. Roentgen’s original paper, «On A New Kind Of X-Rays,» was published December 28, 1895. He’d first published radiogram of his wife’s hand, that marked the beginning of the usage of X-rays in medicine.
First roentgenologic cabinet started it’s work in Kyiv on 1898 in the hospital of the Monaster of the Virgine protectress.
In 1909 X-ray apparatus had worked in the clinic of the Stragesko N.D., Military hospital, private Roentgeninstitute (E.R Veber, W.G. Bergman, G.G. Bergman) in cabinets of private physicians (Paul and Liberzon).
After the beginning of the First World War, September, 2 1914 initiative group of residents of Kyiv (M.P. Dukelskiy, I.I. Kosonogov, A.N Zarubin., J.RTeslenkoetal.) had founded social organisation with the name «Committee of the help to injured with the X-ray examination». It was consisted of professors and lecturers of Kyiv University and Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, as well as 6 physicians. Chairman was I.I. Kosonogov.
For the X-ray apparatus creation were used inductor alternators, transformators and so on, that were granted by physical cabinets of the University, Polytechnic Institute and Kyiv gymnasiums.
On the base of this X-ray apparatuses 3 roentgenological cabinets in the military hospitals were opened:
• on Lukjanowka (now- Platona Majborodistr., 30-32, Scientific-Research Institute of Neurosurgery), head – engineer J.P. Teslenko;
• on Voznesenskyi descent (nowSmirnova-Lastochkina str., 20, building of Artistic Institute), head – Dr. M.I. Shor;
• on Pechersk (now – Central Hospital of the Armed Force of Ukraine), head – A.N. Zarubin.
At the middle of 1915 Committee had 21 stationary and 1 mobile roentgenological cabinet.
Since 1915 Committee had started to published first in Russia roentgenologic journal – «Roentgenologic news».
In 1918 by U.P. Teslenko and the Department of Kyiv H Service and gubispolkom made a decision about liquid. of the «Commission of help to injured…» and establishi on its base «Kyiv city X-ray service». U.P. Teslenko was ap ed as a director.
«Kyiv city X-ray service» was situated at Rejter’s str. In 1 919 the Service was removed to Shevchenko’s boulevar (now it isShevchenko University principal’s office) to the r what was & kitchen room before.
On 1 5-16 of July in 1920 «Kyiv city X-ray service» was n to Tolstogo str, 7 (Millioner Tereschenko’s mansion). On Ju «Kyiv city X-ray service» was reorganized into Kyiv Rentge gy Institute (KRI).
U.P. Teslenko was appointed as a di By the order from Gubzdravfrom 7th in 1920 were confirmed the structui staff list. So this date is an official date establishment of the institute.
The Structure Of the Roentgenology Institute
• The Diagnostic Department.
• The internal medicine Depart
• The X-Ray Laboratory.
• The X-ray and Physics Works
• The X-ray and photograph oratory.
• Administration and manag unit.
1921. Tasks of Kyiv Roentgenology Institute:
• Development and implementation in clinical practice roentgenological disciplines and their teacing in medical departments
• Spreading of roentgenological knowledge’s among medical community.
• Creation of roentgenological service.
• Training of the stuff X-ray technicians, laborrians and roentgenologists.
• Aiding of qualified roentgenological help to population.
1 921 – office of the head of studies is introduced into stuff of the Institute.
1 921 – experimental workrooms for the fabrication of; Шагу X-ray apparatuses, vacuum-laboratory and glass blowery are created.
1 923 – professor V.K. Roshe is coming into the phys technical laboratory, reorganization of the laboratory the roentgenophysical department.
1 924 – usage of the deep X-ray therapy in the treatment of oncology patients (malignant neoplasms of uterum ovarian, mammary glands, mediastinum).
1924 – organization of the department of experimental biology and medicine (A.A. Krontovskyi, since 1 93 M.A. Magat).
A.A. Krontovskyi (1 885-1 933) – pathologist-experimantator. In 1911 he graduated medical department of Kyiv University. In 1921-1923 – professor of the Kyiv University. In 1 924-1 933 he worked in Kyiv Roentgenological and Kyiv Bacteriological Institutes. His works generally devoted to experimental study of the tumors and met of tissue culture in vitro. He studied the nature of tissues malignant growth and ways of influence upon this proc He was first to pass from pure morphological tissues’ study in vitro to the study of their biochemical dynamics; he executed also researches in different questions of endocrinology and microbiology.
In 1925 famous polish scientist Maria Skladowska-Curie presented to the Insitute Radium drug mesothorium and the Institute was renamed into Kyiv X-Ray-radiological institute with 1 2 beds on the base of radiological department of Oktyabrskiy hospital.
• The X-ray department.
• The X-ray unit with superficial, semi-deep and deep therapy.
• The phisicotechnical Department with dosimetric station and riggin and rapair shop.
• The department of experemental biology and medicine with biologic and pathoanatomy laboratories.
• The Educational Unit.
The pathoanatomy laboratory was headed by professor P.G. Bereganskiy (later by A.I. Smirnova-Zamkova)
1926 – there was organized the laboratories of experemental cancer and biochemistry in the department of experemental biology and medicine.
From 1926 to 1930 A.P. Aleksandrov and V.M. Tuchkevich worked in the phisicotechnical department.
1928 – the pathoanathomy laboratory was reorganized into pathomorpho-logical.
In 1 930 – was renamed into 2nd Ukrainian State X-ray and radiological institute.
1 930 – New oncological dispensary with social-pathological department.
The aim of the dispensary:
• Earle diagnostic of cancer
• Health assessment of cancer patients
• Scientific and statistical workup
• Organisation of the oncological cabinets and X-ray stations in regional and city-centers
A.P. Aleksandrov Prominent scientist (physicist), academic (1953). He was one of the main participators of the soviet nuclear project. He founded the first nuclear station in Obninsk. By the initiative of Aleksandrov was organized the first nuclear navy. During Word War II he was in charge of the works devoted to the defense of ships against magnetic bomb and torpedos. From 1960 A.P. Aleksandrov is a director of the Institute of nuclear energy named after I.V. Kurchatov From 1 975 to 1 986 – the president of the Scientific academy USSR.
V.M. Tuchkevich, soviet phisicist, academic AS USSR. From 1967 -he is a director of Leningrad phisico-technical institute. The main works in phisics of semiconductors and creating of semiconductors apparats.
1931 – vacuum-laboratory, glassblowery and mechanical workroom were delivered to the factory «RENTOK» (director J.P. Tes-lenko). Since this year the history of Ukrainian medical industry runs. Except the factory «RANTOK», the stomatological borers mill was founded in Kyiv, and in the factory «MEDINDTRUMENT» production of surgical instruments were started. This enterprises initiate formation of production association «MEDAPPARATURA».
A.P. Poterylo was appointed as a director instead of J.P. Teslenko.
1931- clinical radiological department in 1 2 beds was opened (in the hospital named after October revolution).
Since 1 933 director is PR. Fishman.
1934- in-patient department in 50 beds with surgical, gynaecological and roentgenoradio-logical therapeutic departments was opened. The head of the surgical and gynaecological departments was G.B. Bihovskyi.
The head of therapeutic department was eminent clinician V.M. Ivanov.
Since 1 934 – Kyiv roentgen-radiological and oncological institute.
1934 – guide «Malignant neoplasms» (edited by G.B. Bihovskyi and PA. Kucherenko) was published.
Since 1 935 – director is M.l. Shor.
Since 1 936 – director is D.A. Grinevich.
From 1 920 to 1 940 9 thesis were defended, more than 400 roengenologists, 300 oncologists, 500 X-ray laboratorians and technicians were trained.
Reception of oncological patients in Kyiv Roentgeno-radiological Institute from 1920 to 1933
Number of patients
cancer of uterus
Cancer of digestive tract,
under lip cancer
cancer of esofagus
The year of war
Since the beginning of World War II medical staff and nurses for the most part were drafted into the army, including the director of the Institute of D.A. Grinevich. The Acting Director was appointed E.V. Sukhomlin, who was ordered to:
• to dismantle and load the part of X-ray-apparatury for evacuation to the east;
• to Leave all that is necessary for the treatment of cancer patients in the hospital (70 people) and for the newly arriving from the number of remaining Soviet citizens;
• in case of capture of an enemy city institution with the clinic as a facility
to transmit under international conventions and agreements on the hospitals in wartime.
The occupation authorities ordered in a 3 -day period to release the clinic patients and staff from the building of the institute. Only after lengthy requests they managed to get permission to transfer patients in the dilapidated building bombed Orthopedic Institute on the street. Kozlivka (building № 3 on Parkova alley, where the preventive clinic of «Kyivmiskbud» is situated), to take a X-ray and one X-ray theraputical apparatus. Institute premises and all equipment were looted.
Kiev X-ray radiology and Cancer Institute as a specialized oncology institution continued to exist in extremely harsh conditions and in the years of occupation. On the Great Patriotic War killed many members of the Institute:
• Director D.A. Grinevich,
• K.L. Orachevskiy,
• I.B. Levinskiy,
• R.K. Kruglikova,
• N.G. Zilberberg et al.
Tortured or shot in the dungeons of the Gestapo :
• M.A. Magat,
• K.L. Korenchevskiy,
• M.D. Revutskaya,
• R.P. Sedleckiy etal.
Rehabilitation of the Institute began immediately after the liberation of Kiev.
Order № 42 UKRAINE NKZ November 8, 1943 Acting Director appointed by the
S.M. Yakovenko, who soon drafted into the army and replaces it I.V. Joes. Since 1945, the Director is appointed Doctor A.M. Semenov, Deputy of the scientific part – Professor A.A. Goro-detsky.
The entire 1 944 and part of 1 945. Kiev X-ray Radiology and Oncology institute was in a state of recovery. By the act of 1944 was indicated that material damage to institutions, caused by the enemy, was 3 236 508 rub. Structure of the Institute was in 1 945:
• X-ray-diagnostic Department (Professor A. P. Efremov).
• X-ray theraputical Division (A.M. Byk-hovskii).
• X-ray technice Division and Physics Division (M.S. Ovoshchnikov).
• Eksperimental Biology Department (A.D. Timofeevskii) with laboratories: tissue culture, clinical, pathologic and mikrofotolaboratory.
• Dispensary (V.Y Arungazyev).
• Clinic (chief physician – M.A. Joes):
• Department of Surgery (Professor ST. Novitsky, chief oncologist NKZ USSR);
• Therapeutic Division (V.V. Gudim-Levkovich);
• Gynecology (F. P. Matveev);
• Department of Radiology (A.I. Shramenko);
• Administrative and economic department. Clinic Institute had 60 beds.
In 1 946 Scientific committee of Institute composed of:
• Associate professor IT. Shevchenko chairman
Professor A.A. Gorodetskyi – vice- chairman
V.D. Bratus – scientific secretary
Professor V.N. Ivanov
Professor A.D. Tymofeevskyi
Professor I.J. Slonim
A. P. Efremov
1946 – fluorographic planigraph /vas (M.S. Ovoshchnikov).
1946 – work with uranium salines was stc
1 949 – usage of embichinum in lymph;: tosis treatment.
1949 – factory «RENTOK» started serial production of fluorographic planigraphs.
1950 – defence of dessertation ShevchenkoI.T. «Diagnostics and treatment of cancer of esofagus»
Stuff list of Institute in 1950
Director of institute
Deputy director in scientific question
Head of deep roentgenotherapy department
Head of semideep roentgenotherapy department
Head of roentgenodiagnostic department
Head of organizational-methodological department
Head of physico-technical department
Head of experimental cancer laboratory
Head of biochemical laboratory
Head of tissue culture laboratory
Head of patomorphological laboratory
Head of dosimetric laboratory
Head of the laboratory of experimental surgery
Head of the laboratory of experimental urology
Head of clinical laboratory
Head of therapeutical department
Head of surgical department
Head of clinical department of gynecology
Head of clinical department of radiology
Head of clinical department of teleradiotherapy
Director assistant in general service questions
Ph.D. I.T. Shevchenko
Prof. S.A. Pokrovskui
E G Lebenzon
Prof. Vl. Polonskyi
1951 – KSRIECO became the centre of coordination of scientific theme devoted to the problem «Cancer and fight against it».
1952 – the beginning of cobaltotherapy.
1954 – IT. Shevchenko was appointed the main oncology HM USSR.
By the derictive 061 HM USSR from 27th of February 1957 organization and methodical management of fight against cancer in the republic was given to KSRIECO.
The movement of the patients during 1950-1957
The number of patients increased, but conditions remained unsatisfactory:
Policlinic was situated in the cellar and was too little – several physicians consulted in one cabinet.
• In-patient department was situated in the barracks-like building which didn’t correspond to the modern oncological clinic.
• Radiological department was often close by the inspections of the protection of the work.
• In the yard of the clinic was situated factory «REMTOK», the main building of this factory was belonged to the institute. That’s why the conditions for the patients were extremely difficult.
Structure of cancer patients at the institute in 1957 was such us: (%)
|Cancer of oral cavity||3,1|
|Cancer of inferior lip||6|
|Cancer of the esophagus||6,5|
In 1960, the leadership KSRIECO makean application to the secretary of the Central Committee of Communist Party O.I. Ivashchenko, and deputy chairman of USSR Council of Ministers IT. Kalchenko the construction of new premises.
The request is granted, but construction of the complex is transferred to the newly established Institute of Experimental and Clinical Oncology (Director – academician R.E. Kavetskii), which was legally organized in 1960.
Institute structure in 1 962:
• Administration – director, deputy director in scientific questions, secretariat and personnel department.
• General service department – director assistant in general service questions, accounting department, workrooms and storehouses.
• Roentgeno-radiological department:
• roentgenodiagnostic department,
• laboratory of special research methods;
• roentgenotherapeutical department;
• radiological (telegamma) department.
• Physico-technical department:
• construction department;
• dosimetric laboratory.
• Organisational-methodological department:
• Medical statistics;
• archive of statistical, medical and scientific documents.
• Department of experimental oncology and roentgenoradiology:
• Laboratory of cancerogens;
• laboratory of tissue cultures;
• biochemical laboratory;
• laboratory of endocrinology;
• Pathomorphological laboratory.
• Oncological clinic (100 beds) with pharmacy:
• Department of radium-surgery;
• Department of pediatric oncology;
• Gynecological department;
• Radiological department (curietherapy);
• Leucemic laboratory with therapeutical beds;
• Laboratory of chemotherapy and endocrinology.
• Scientific department and microphotolabo-ratory.
• Library with library stock of 1 45000 sreci-ments.
1 964 – beginning of the publishing of the book of scientific researches «Clinical oncology».
1966 – Kyiv scientific-research institute of experimental and clinical oncology (KSRIECO) srarted it’s work on Vasylkovskaja str., director R.E. Kavetskyi.
Opening of new clinic in 200 beds and roentgenora-diological department with modern roentgenoradio-logical equipment.
1967 – beginning of the building of a new complex of premises for KSRIECO.
1968 – interruptions in the building of new premises happened in different reasons, mainly because of shortage of work force.
That’s why a decision to involve 10-12 institute stuff for building was made. On weekend almost all stuff took part in the work.
The questions of the building were included into agenda of all party meetings, session of Scientific committee and professional meetings.
In January 1969 Institute clinic had moved to the new building. Other departments had moved to the new building partially: directorate, scientific-organizational department, roentgenodiagnostical and roentgenotherapeutical departments, isotope-diagnostic laboratory, general service department.
Physico-technical department, experimental technical workroom, laboratory of experimental cancer, biochemical endocrinological laboratory, vivarium remained on Tolstogo str.
In 1971 was reorganization of KSIRROI and KRIECO. The KSIRRO ( the director of it became Pozmogo A.I. was responsible for the workouts ofr the clinical aspects of oncology, X –ray and Radiology. That is why clinical departments and radiological units and buildings of KSRIECC vere given to the organization.
KSRIECO became the Academy and was a par: of SA USSR and named as Institute of oncology problems.
The building at Tolstogo str., which was a part of history of institute during 50 years in 1 969 was given to Republic scientific medical library.
In 1 971 the new age of the institute began. It became modern scientific research centre, had a powerful equipment and high-qualified staff.
Until 1 980 there were more than 1200 employee. The clinical base was 560 beds.
• The director of the institute – Prof. A.I. Pozgomov
• Deputy director in scintific questions – Ph.D U.Ya. Grinevich
• Deputy director in clinical questions – Ph.D V.L. Ganul
• Deputy director in general service department questions – O.L. Sadovskiy
• Scientific secretary – Ph.D. V.T Demin
• Head doctor of clinic – P.A. Korol
1981 – president of AMS USSR, director of VONC Professor N.N. Blohin visited KSIRROI. He highly appreciated institute’s scientific and practical work.
1986 – staff of the institute actively participated in liquidation of consequences of Chernobil disaster at nuclear station.
In the clinic of the institute were treated firemen, whc put out the fire on 4th reactor. There were performec transplantations of bone marrow to the patients with acute radiation sickness.
In 1986 in 6th Moscow clinic fron 13 patients with this diagnosis after bone marrow transplantation died 11 patients.
In KSIRROI from 11 patients everyone stayed alive a 11 patients.
bcintiTic and practical expirience was written down in monography «Acute radiological sickness in condition of chornobil disaster» (by Kindzelskiy).
С 1987 – Kyiv scintific research institute of oncology (KSRIO).
Professor V.L. Ganul became the director.
1987 – There was opened the new building of cosultative policlinic.
1989 — The beginning of building of new clinic surgery corpus, but because of destroying USSR and economic chaos, there was mortgaged only it’s foundation.
1991 – director of Institute becomes professor S.A. Shalimov. Since 1 992 – Ukrainian SRI of oncology and radiology (USRIOR). institute structure in 1995
Director Prof. S S.A. halimov
Deputy director in scientific questions Prof. J.A. Grinevich
Deputy director in scientific questions Prof. V.E. Medvedev
Deputy director in general service questions O.L. Sadovskyi
Head doctor D.P. Kajukov
Clinico-surgery department Prof. YL. Ganul
Dep. of thoracal surgery Prof. V.L. Ganul
Dep. of abdominal surgery Prof. V.A. Chernyi
Dep. of breast tumors Prof. Tarutinov V.I.
Dep. of tumors of locomotive system Prof. B.A. Tolstopyatov
Oncogynaecology dep. Ph.D. L.I. Vorobjeva
Dep. Of head and neck tumors Prof. VS. Procyk
Dep. of pediatric oncology Ph.D. G.I. Klymnyuk
Dep. of anaesthesiology and intensive therapy Ph.D. A.P. Kaban
Department of common surgery and chemotherapy Prof. S.A. Shalimov Dep. of experimental pharmacology and din. chemotherapy Prof. L.V. Keisevich
Dep. Of systemic tumor diseases Prof. L.P. Kyndzelskyi
Experimental-laboratory department Prof. J.A. Grynevich
Lab. of experimental oncology and radiotherapy Prof. V.A. Baraboy
Lab.of din. immunology Prof. J.A. Grynevich
Physicotechnical laboratory Ph.D. V.E. Orel
Pathoanatomical department Prof. K.A. Galahin
Lab. Of cytological diagnostic Ph.D. VI. Loboda
Department of roentgen-surgery Ph.D. A.V. Gladkyi
Department of diagnostic image data Ph.D. I.N. Dykan
Radiological department Prof. V.V. Shishkina
Dep. of nuclear medicine Ph.D. B.F. Synyuta
Dep. Of radiotherapy Ph.D. O.V Kyrychenko
Department of scientific basics of fight against cancer Ph.D. Z.P. Fedorenko
In 2007 Ukraine joined a convention of countries that signed the Charter ol Paris Against Cancer and has committed to prepare a national strategy to figh against cancer.
Resolution № 1186-r (dat 24.12.2007) of the Cabir Ministers of Ukraine, Natical Cancer Institute was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Ministry Health of Ukraine. After this subordination to the jurisdiction of Health in the National Institute is star reforming the cancer field, directed towards the approaching European standards medical care.
In beginning 2008 the Institute was headed by Professor Igor B. Schepotin.
At the ceremonial meeting which was dedicated to the World Day Cancer Control (Febrагу 4, 2009), Ukraine’s President Viktor Yushchenko аannounced Decree № 67/200 (dated February 3, 2009 on granting State Institution
«The National Cancer Institute of the national status and continue to name it – «Nation Cancer Institute».
The Clinic Institute has 600 beds and a polyclinic in which const and receive medical care 400 patients a day. Today, the highest levels of complexity operations are carried out in the Institute.